Dean Hendricks spoke with Linnea Tracy, V’19, at last year’s MLK Day Clinic. As Dean of Penn Vet since 2006, Hendricks has overseen classes that have been comprised of around 80 percent women.
Young Joan Hendricks rarely had the usual pets, since her Army family moved
frequently. To fill the void, she tried to care for some of the animals she
encountered, including an ailing dragonfly, a pigeon, and a baby sparrow. This early
desire to understand and heal animals suggested a scientist in the making, with a
particular calling in veterinary medicine.
“When I was eight, I found a dead mouse in our front yard, and I wanted to cut
it open,” Hendricks recalled. “I loved animals and wanted to fix them. At the time,
though, I was told that women weren’t vets.”
According to the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), only 277
female vets existed in the entire United States in 1963. Universities were free to
discriminate openly against women, barring them from studying or teaching. As a
result, the veterinary profession was populated almost exclusively by men—yet this
fact only seemed to steel Hendricks’ resolve.
“I don’t think every woman feels judged as representing all women, but I did. I
thought I might change the future of women in academia if I failed,” she said.
Dean Hendricks has spent her entire career at Penn Vet, rising from VMD-PhD student to Dean. Along the way, she has drawn inspiration from mentors including Dr. Joan O’Brien, V’63 (pictured below), as well as Penn Vet students and colleagues.
When the passage of Title IX finally made sex-based discrimination illegal in
1972, it sparked major changes at veterinary schools across the nation. The law
opened the floodgates for women in the field—including Hendricks, who arrived
at Penn Vet in 1974 after studying biology and psychology at Yale. By the time she
earned her VMD and PhD at Penn Vet in 1980, enrollment of women in veterinary
schools had already begun to climb steadily, reaching a nearly even 50-50 gender
division that decade. By the early 1990s, those scales had tipped even further, with a
clear majority of women in veterinary schools nationwide, according to the AVMA.
At Penn Vet, Hendricks was encouraged by “clear-headed and highly effective
male mentors” as well as female veterinary pioneers, she said. Her role models
included Dr. Joan O’Brien, V’63, a leading respiratory specialist who had attended
Penn Vet while raising three children.
“Joan was the only female full professor when I joined the Penn Vet faculty, and
we later became colleagues and friends,” Hendricks noted in the Spring 2015 issue
of Bellwether, dedicated to Penn Vet’s female trailblazers. “She provided valuable
insight as I researched sleep apnea in dogs, and I fondly remember many mornings
carpooling to campus together.”
A faculty member at Penn Vet for more than 30 years, Hendricks rose to Chief
of Critical Care in the Department of Clinical Studies, and founded the School’s
Veterinary Clinical Investigations Center. In 2001, she became the first woman to
hold an endowed professorship at the school—the Henry and Corinne R. Bower
Professor of Small Animal Medicine. In 2006, she was named Penn Vet’s Gilbert S.
Kahn Dean of Veterinary Medicine, overseeing classes that have been comprised of
around 80 percent women.
Today, Hendricks is capping off a long career that’s inspired countless other
female vets to find their foothold and their voice in veterinary leadership: from key
roles in research, to top academic posts, to practice ownership, and beyond.
“If I have an opportunity to elevate women, I’ll take it. I’ll say to job candidates
for leadership positions that you can do this, and you owe it to womankind to apply
or agree to interview,” she said emphatically.
However, Dean Hendricks’ own path hasn’t always been clear or easy. She
admitted being reluctant at first to even be considered for the Deanship of Penn Vet.
That hesitancy is not uncommon. In many cases, she noted, women including
those in veterinary medicine need extra encouragement to apply for high-profile
positions, or to step into leadership roles. Despite the fact that the vast majority
of students in veterinary schools are female, leaders at many of those schools still
remain predominantly male.
It’s part of a wider societal trend. For instance, in the U.S. Congress and state
legislatures, fewer than 25 percent of leadership positions are held by women; in
business, less than six percent of Fortune 500 CEOs are female; and in academia, less
than 30 percent of university and college presidents are women, according to the
Pew Research Center. Out of 30 veterinary colleges and schools in the U.S., eight
women (including Dean Hendricks and two serving in interim appointments) are
currently deans. Hendricks has helped get these women together to network at the
Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) Deans Conference
in Florida, and to carpool to a second meeting in Orlando each year.
Dean Hendricks speaks at the 2014 Penn Forum for Women Faculty.
“As one of the first female deans of an AVMA-accredited veterinary school
in the U.S., [Dean Joan Hendricks] has inspired diverse colleagues to embrace
strategic leadership driven by evidence-based practices,” said Dr. Deborah Kochevar,
Dean and Henry and Lois Foster Professor at the Cummings School of Veterinary
Medicine at Tufts University. “She has been a particularly effective advocate for
veterinarians in research and has served as an excellent role model for students and
faculty, including women.”
“Joan has also been a staunch advocate for the value of executive leadership in
the veterinary profession,” Dean Kochevar added. “Fellow deans and developing
veterinary leaders have benefited from her energy and commitment to innovative
education in this area.”
Hendricks credits fellow female leaders in academia with inspiring her own
journey. Among them is Dr. Lisa Freeman, current Acting President of Northern
Illinois University, and former Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs
at Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine.
“Ask the average person what a president looks like, and the majority think of the
men in presidential portraits that line university halls,” Freeman noted, adding that
she has been “inspired and reassured” by Dean Hendricks’ presence in the veterinary
profession and among higher education leaders.
In other words, she continued, the veterinary field has come a long way, but it
still has a long way to go. This may be due to an enduring belief that leadership
requires devotion only to work, at the expense of one’s personal life.
Dean Hendricks with Shannon Kerrigan, at far left, and Audrey Barker, recipients of the 2012 Student Inspiration Awards.
“We’re really hitting the reality of ‘do it all, juggle it all,’” Freeman said, noting
that women may “pre-worry and check out, wondering, ‘Is there a pathway to
success? Can I manage this?’”
Hendricks has addressed this struggle as Dean, working to develop future leaders
while also changing perceptions of what leadership means. She teamed with The
Wharton School to create a summer leadership program aimed specifically at
veterinarians, with an eye to spurring female leadership. And she has served as
a mentor, speaking candidly with students about the rewards and challenges of
“At one level, it’s a fairness issue. People should see themselves represented in
their own leadership,” Hendricks said. “It’s also good to have diversity in leadership
and general differences in style; for instance, to have a consensus style of leadership,
working in teams instead of hierarchically.”
To that end, Hendricks has modeled a different sort of leader. By her example,
being a leader is synonymous with balancing work and life; with encouraging and
listening to others; and with reaching out to help young veterinarians see themselves
in her role.
According to Julie Kumble, author of Leaders of the Pack: Women and the Future
of Veterinary Medicine, “What makes Joan unique is that she puts these issues on the
map. She’s comfortable promoting women’s leadership where others aren’t.”
By working to even the gender imbalance in veterinary leadership, Hendricks has
helped shift the way leadership is seen throughout the field—a move that benefits
not just women, but all vets.
Noted Kumble, “As a leader, she practices incredible generosity. She brings
people along, opens doors, makes opportunities. She’s a true giver.”