New Bolton Center Kennett Square, PA
Emergencies & Appointments:
Ryan Hospital Philadelphia, PA


Nutrient management specialist (provisional), PA Department of Agriculture

Professor, Agricultural Systems, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center
Contact Information:
University of Pennsylvania
School of Veterinary Medicine
Dept of Clinical Studies
New Bolton Center
382 West Street Road

Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Integrated Management
Nitrogen and phosphorus are essential nutrients for growing crops and animals. Insufficient nutrients diminish yields; excessive nutrients translate to wasted resources and environmental harms. The work of Dr. Dou's group features an integrated system approach, coupling nutrient optimization in animal feeding with manure management and targeted nutrient application to crops for enhanced production efficiency and reduced environmental footprint.

Pathogens, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), Livestock Farming
Livestock animals are important reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens as well as antimicrobial resistant determinants (antibiotic residues, AMR microorganisms, and AMR genes). What happens to the microbial pollutants in the post-shed environment? What is their distribution pattern in the intrinsically linked farming sectors and dissemination pathways to the broader territorial and aquatic ecosystems? What interventions may help mitigate relevant risks associated with animal farming concerning food safety and public health? Dr. Dou's research addresses some of these critical issues.

Food waste, Food Security, Sustainability
Sustainable food security is an issue that intersects many of the challenges the world is facing today, e.g. water scarcity, water pollution, resource limitation, land degradation, habitat and biodiversity loss, climate change, hunger and malnutrition. Dr. Dou collaborates with national and international experts to examine sustainable food security issues from multiple dimensions, such as food waste reduction and reuse, engaging and empowering smallholder farmers, etc.

Liu, Z., H. Ying, M., Chen, J. Bai, Y. Xue, Y. Yin, W. Batchelor, Y. Yang, Z. Bai, M. Du, Y. Guo, Q. Zhang, Z. Cui, F. Zhang, and Z. Dou Optimizing China’ s maize and soy production for enhanced feed sufficiency and lower N and C footprints Nature Food (accepted) : accepted, 2021.

Wang, XZ, Dou, ZX, Shi, XJ, Zou, CQ, Liu, DY, Wang, ZY, Guan, XL, Sun, YX, Wu, G, Zhang, BG, Li, JL, Liang, B, Tang, L, Jiang, LH, Sun, ZM, Yang, JG, Si, DX, Zhao, H, Liu, B, Zhang, W, Zhang, F, Zhang, FS, Chen, XP Innovative management programme reduces environmental impacts in Chinese vegetable production Nature Food 2: , 2021.

Dou, Z., D. Stefanovski, D. Galligan, M. Lindem, P. Rozin, T. Chen, and A. Chao The COVID-19 Pandemic Impacting Household Food Dynamics: A Cross-National Comparison of China and the U.S. 2020 Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems : , 2020.

Pitta, DW, Indugu, N, Toth, JD, Bender, JS, Baker, LD, Hennessy, ML, Vecchiarelli, B, Aceto, H, Dou, ZX The distribution of microbiomes and resistomes across farm environments in conventional and organic dairy herds in Pennsylvania Environmental Microbiome 15: , 2020.

Hao, Y., Y. Yin, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, D. Stefanovski, Z. Cui, Z., and Z. Dou* New maize, wheat, and rice varieties help reduce agricultural N footprints while producing more grain Global Change Biology : , 2019.

Cui, ZL, Zhang, HY, Chen, XP, Zhang, CC, Ma, WQ, Huang, CD, Zhang, WF, Mi, GH, Miao, YX, Li, XL, Gao, Q, Yang, JC, Wang, ZH, Ye, YL, Guo, SW, Lu, JW, Huang, JL, Lv, SH, Sun, YX, Liu, YY, Peng, XL, Ren, J, Li, SQ, Deng, XP, Shi, XJ, Zhang, Q, Yang, ZP, Tang, L, Wei, CZ, Jia, LL, Zhang, JW, He, MR, Tong, YA, Tang, QY, Zhong, XH, Liu, ZH, Cao, N, Kou, CL, Ying, H, Yin, YL, Jiao, XQ, Zhang, QS, Fan, MS, Jiang, RF, Zhang, FS, Dou, ZX Pursuing sustainable productivity with millions of smallholder farmers Nature 555: 363, 2018.

Li, TY, Zhang, WF, Yin, J, Chadwick, D, Norse, D, Lu, YL, Liu, XJ, Chen, XP, Zhang, FS, Powlson, D, Dou, ZX Enhanced-efficiency fertilizers are not a panacea for resolving the nitrogen problem Global Change Biology 24: E511-E521, 2018.

Dou, Z., J. Ferguson, D. Galligan, A. Kelly, S. Finn, R. Giegengack. Assessing food loss across U.S. supply chain and opportunities for reduction Global Food Security 8: 19-26, 2016.

Zhang W., G. Cao, X. Li, H. Zhang, C. Wang, Q. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Cui, J. Shen, R. Jiang, G. Mi, Y. Miao, F. Zhang, Z. Dou Closing yield gaps in China by empowering smallholder farmers. Nature 537: 671-674, 2016.

Dou Z, Ferguson JD, Fiorini J, Toth JD, Alexander SM, Chase LE, Ryan CM, Knowlton KF, Kohn RA, Peterson AB, Sims JT, Wu Z Phosphorus Feeding Levels and Critical Control Points on Dairy Farms J. Dairy Sci. 86: 3787-95, 2003.

W. Zhang, Z. Dou, P. He, X. Ju, D. Powlson, D. Chadwick, D. Norse,Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, L. Wu, X. Chen, K. G. Cassman, and F. Zhang New technologies reduce greenhouse gas emissions from nitrogenous fertilizer in China PNAS 110: 8375-80, 2013.

B.S. Yan'an University, China, 1982

M.S. Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1985

PhD Penn State University, 1993

Nutrient management specialist (provisional), PA Department of Agriculture

Penn State University, Department of Agronomy (1993 to 1994)
Post-Doctoral Fellow

University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine (1994 to 1996)
Research Associate